Laws That Protect You
There are three main federal laws that protect people with learning disabilities from discrimination:
Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) of 2004Provides for special education and related services for children and young people with disabilities up to their 22nd birthday. The IDEA provides for a Free Appropriate Public Education (FAPE) and for an Individualized Education Program (IEP) for eligible students. Click here for more information about the most recent reauthorization of this law, IDEA 2004.
Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act (PL 93-112)Prohibits discrimination against children and adults with disabilities. It guarantees that people with disabilities have equal access to programs and services that receive federal funds. This includes public and private schools and colleges. It also applies to employers receiving federal funds.
Americans with Disabilities Act Amendments Act (ADAAA)Effective January 1, 2009—expands the interpretation of disability under the original Americans with Disabilities Act and protects school-age children and adults with disabilities from discrimination in employment, public and privately-operated settings. The law applies to all public and most private schools and colleges, testing agencies and licensing authorities. It also applies to state and local governments and to private employers with 15 or more employees.
*The above laws apply once you disclose your learning disability.
*Adapted from Linkages, Spring 1995, Vol. 2, No. 1, Washington, DC: National Adult Literacy and Learning Disabilities Center Job Checklist