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Large percentages of discretionary removals have also been reported in places like California and New York City for disruptive but nonviolent behavior.10

Because suspensions don’t just impose short-term punishment but can also carry serious, detrimental and long-term consequences, including increased risk of repeating a grade and dropping out,12 it is essential for educators to understand more about learning and attention issues, correctly identify when behavior is a manifestation of a student’s disability and develop alternative forms of discipline.

Programs: