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IDEA Budget Cuts 2013: State-by-State

Sequestration has caused cuts to federal education funding for each state in fiscal year 2013. With respect to special education funding, the chart below shows estimated reductions state-by-state for the Individuals with Disabilities Act (IDEA) Part B Grants, as well as estimated staff losses.

Note that this chart does not show budget cuts to other education programs such as Title I (economically disadvantaged children) and Head Start (early childhood education).

IDEA Part B Grants to States Allocations

State 2012 2013 (a)   Reduction Due to Sequester (b)
Potential Staff Lost (c)
TOTAL $11,577,855,236 $10,998,962,474   $578,892,762 6972
Alabama $181,561,826 $172,646,056   $8,915,770 108
Alaska $36,471,208 $34,552,186   $1,919,022 23
Arizona $188,005,122 $177,964,569   $10,040,553 121
Arkansas $111,979,248 $106,346,179   $5,633,069 68
California $1,224,661,066 $1,161,805,748   $62,855,318 759
Colorado $154,234,781 $146,126,673   $8,108,108 98
Connecticut $132,768,017 $126,453,528   $6,314,489 76
Delaware $34,446,453 $32,606,815   $1,839,638 22
District of Columbia $17,319,779 $16,394,803   $924,976 11
Florida $631,152,474 $600,060,357   $31,092,117 375
Georgia $328,077,843 $310,619,395   $17,458,448 211
Hawaii $39,851,841 $37,816,248   $2,035,593 25
Idaho $55,221,261 $52,355,929   $2,865,332 35
Illinois $505,651,259 $480,993,696   $24,657,563 298
Indiana $257,576,165 $245,199,196   $12,376,969 149
Iowa $121,910,726 $116,139,899   $5,770,827 70
Kansas $106,692,635 $101,440,850   $5,251,785 (d) 63
Kentucky $157,888,110 $150,199,201   $7,688,909 93
Louisiana $188,962,577 $179,210,288   $9,752,289 118
Maine $54,641,461 $52,054,926   $2,586,535 31
Maryland $199,916,833 $190,197,470   $9,719,363 117
Massachusetts $283,465,895 $270,047,613   $13,418,282 162
Michigan $399,883,942 $379,604,653   $20,279,289 245
Minnesota $189,532,481 $180,333,173   $9,199,308 111
Mississippi $119,980,160 $113,856,173   $6,123,987 74
Missouri $226,829,933 $216,067,340   $10,762,593 130
Montana $37,221,455 $35,302,433   $1,919,022 23
Nebraska $74,564,188 $71,034,581   $3,529,607 43
Nevada $70,702,984 $66,927,039   $3,775,945 26
New Hampshire $47,389,192 $45,141,526   $2,247,666 27
New Jersey $360,945,645 $343,859,743   $17,085,902 206
New Mexico $91,005,697 $86,650,874   $4,354,823 53
New York $758,002,911 $721,624,552   $36,378,359 439
North Carolina $326,077,875 $309,301,714   $16,776,161 202
North Dakota $27,970,106 $26,476,342   $1,493,764 18
Ohio $436,958,357 $414,949,944   $22,008,413 266
Oklahoma $147,674,175 $140,373,498   $7,300,677 88
Oregon $128,760,236 $122,388,011   $6,372,225 77
Pennsylvania $426,427,814 $405,046,735   $21,381,079 258
Rhode Island $43,668,156 $41,601,058   $2,067,098 25
South Carolina $176,828,357 $168,244,847   $8,583,510 (d) 104
South Dakota $33,319,673 $31,540,211   $1,779,462 21
Tennessee $236,469,821 $224,763,221   $11,706,600 141
Texas $980,678,753 $929,651,834   $51,026,919 616
Utah $109,453,830 $103,780,840   $5,672,990 68
Vermont $26,968,524 $25,528,250   $1,440,274 17
Virginia $281,475,855 $267,597,595   $13,878,260 167
Washington $220,953,409 $209,702,057   $11,251,352 136
West Virginia $75,837,277 $72,247,406   $3,589,871 43
Wisconsin $207,862,974 $197,765,823   $10,097,151 122
Wyoming $28,292,653 $26,781,663   $1,510,990 18
American Samoa $6,358,510 $6,040,585   $317,925 4
Guam $14,098,659 $13,393,726   $704,933 9
Northern Mariana Islands $4,831,832 $4,590,240   $241,592 3
Puerto Rico $114,923,374 $108,785,806   $6,137,568 74
Virgin Islands $8,960,866 $8,512,823   $448,043 5
Freely Associated States $6,579,306 $6,250,341   $328,965 4
Department of the Interior $92,909,676 $88,264,192   $4,645,484 56
Other $25,000,000 $23,750,000   $1,250,000 N/A



(Reproduced with permission from Candace Cortiella at IDEA Money Watch.)

(a) 2013 allocations assume a 2013 appropriation that is five percent less than the 2012 level and enactment of the Administration's proposed appropriations language that allows the Department of Education to calculate a state's allocation without regard to a reduction in funding in a prior year resulting from a failure to meet the maintenance of effort requirements in section 612 of the IDEA.

(b) For both South Carolina and Kansas, the amount of the reductions due to the sequester were calculated using the amount these states would have received in FY2012 in the absence of the reductions made pursuant to 20 USC 1412(a)(1B}(B) in that year. Kansas and South Carolina would have received $106,692,635 and $176,828,357, respectively, in FY2012 had these reductions not occurred.

(c) In spite of the level of federal funding made available to states under section 611 of the IDEA, states have an ongoing obligation to ensure that all eligible students receive a free appropriate public education (FAPE). As such, it is impossible to accurately estimate the impacts of reductions in federal funding on staffing at the state and local levels. Estimates of lost staff are based on an assumption that 70% of reduced funding would have been used to support personnel consisting of a mix of 40 percent teachers, 40 percent paraprofessionals, and 20 percent related services providers (based on 2007 data). Teachers and related services providers were assumed to have salaries and benefits totaling $70,000 (the average teacher salary is $54,000 plus benefits) and paraprofessionals were assumed to have salaries and benefits totaling $40,000, resulting in a weighted average salary of $58,000. In order to ensure FAPE, states might be required to offset any reductions with increases in state or Iocal funds.

(d) Reflects reductions to South Carolina and Kansas under sectlon 612(a)(18)(B) in FY2012.

Source: IDEA impact data, Department of Education