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8. 504 plans have nearly doubled in recent years, but we don’t know how well they are meeting students’ needs.

As detailed in the graphic below, the percentage of students with 504 plans has nearly doubled since 2009. These plans have fewer reporting requirements—and fewer procedural safeguards for families—than IEPs.


Section 504 does not require schools to classify children with 504 plans by type of disability, and more research is needed to understand how many children with learning and attention issues are receiving accommodations and related services through these plans. For example, Texas requires schools to provide 504 plans to students whose only disability is dyslexia.27

Further study is also needed into how these determinations are made and how outcomes compare for students with IEPs and 504 plans.

Programs: