Ch 4_Challenge 2_Statistic

Schools are also prohibited from suspending students with IEPs for behavior that their IEP team determines is a manifestation of their disability. However, the disproportionate suspension rates suggest that schools may be overlooking disability-connected behaviors.7

Discretionary removals

Studies indicate that many suspensions are made at the discretion of school administrators. A landmark study in Texas followed more than 900,000 seventh graders over a six-year period and found that the vast majority—97%—of disciplinary actions were made at the discretion of school officials.9 The Texas study also found that students who got suspended or expelled for a discretionary violation were nearly three times as likely to be in contact with the juvenile justice system the following year. (The school-to-prison pipeline is discussed in detail later in this chapter.)

Programs: