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Involvement with the justice system further disrupts the education of struggling students and decreases the likelihood that they will graduate from high school or college.23

There are many compounding factors that can lead struggling students to get involved with the juvenile justice system. For example, ADHD can involve trouble with impulse control or difficulty thinking about consequences before making a decision. Students with learning and attention issues may also be grappling with bullying, lack of appropriate instruction, or other aspects of an unsupportive school climate. And educators might not be prepared to address the social, emotional and behavioral challenges these students face.